How The Pump Works

The AirTECH Air-Operated Double Diaphragm Pumps (AODD Pumps) are designed and made with high quality standard through over 25 year experience of manufacturing AODD Pumps.

These drawings are just an example to explain how the pump works. They show the flow pattern through the pump upon its initial stroke. It is assumed that the pump has no liquid in before starting.

Right Stroke

The air valve directs pressurized air to the back side of diaphragm A. The compressed air is applied directly to the liquid column separated by elastomeric diaphragms.

The diaphragm acts as a separation membrane between the compressed air and liquid, balancing the load and removing mechanical stress from the diaphragm.

The compressed air moves the diaphragm away from the center block of the pump. The opposite diaphragm is pulled in by the shaft connected to the pressurized diaphragm. Diaphragm B is on its suction stroke; air behind the diaphragm has been forced out to the atmosphere through the exhaust port of the pump.

The movement of diaphragm B toward the center block of the pump creates a vacuum within chamber B. Atmospheric pressure forces fluid into the inlet manifold forcing the inlet valve ball off its seat.

Liquid is free to move past the inlet valve ball and fill the liquid chamber (see shaded area).

Mid Stroke

When the pressurized diaphragm, diaphragm A, reaches the limit of its discharge stroke, the air valve redirects pressurized air to the back side of diaphragm B.

The pressurized air forces diaphragm B away from the center block while pulling diaphragm A to the center block.

Diaphragm B is now on its discharge stroke. Diaphragm B forces the inlet valve ball onto its seat due to the hydraulic forces developed in the liquid chamber and manifold of the pump.

These same hydraulic forces lift the discharge valve ball off its seat, while the opposite discharge valve ball is forced onto its seat, forcing fluid to flow through the pump discharge.

The movement of diaphragm A toward the center block of  the pump creates a vacuum within liquid chamber A. Atmospheric pressure forces fluid into the inlet manifold of the pump.

The inlet valve ball is forced off its seat allowing the fluid being pumped to fill the liquid chamber.

Left Stroke

At completion of the stroke, the air valve again redirects air to the back side of diaphragm A, which starts diaphragm B on its exhaust stroke.

As the pump reaches its original starting point, each diaphragm has gone through one exhaust and one discharge stroke.

This constitutes one complete pumping cycle.

The pump may take several cycles to completely prime depending on the conditions of the application.